Hickory - Carya

Trees in the genus carya are generally known as hickory. They are found in China, Indochina, the United States and Mexico. The USA Forestry Service pamphlet on "Important Trees of Eastern Forests" states:

there are some woods that are stronger than hickory and some that are harder, but the combination of strength, toughness, hardness, and stiffness found in hickory wood is not found in any other commercial wood.

Hickory flooring has a Janka Hardness Rating of 1,820, making it the hardest wood in Canada and the second hardest wood in the USA after mesquite.

For this reason it is used in the production of a number of tools and sports equipment. On top of that Shagback, Shellbark Hickories and Pecan have delicious nuts.

Newly logged hickory has a habit of considerably shrinking in the drying process; so if it is laid before it has properly dried your flooring will be ruined. Reclaimed hickory flooring avoids this problem because age and kiln drying makes the hickory completely stable.

Hickory varies in colour from white to almost red. There are several varieties and grade of hickory. Often hickory flooring is a combination of 4 different types of hickory.

Hickory flooring is usually straight grained with the odd wave and curl in the pattern. It has a course texture that can be difficult to sand.

Hickory

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